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Feline foamy virus is highly prevalent in free-ranging Puma concolor from Colorado, Florida and southern California


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Kechejian, SR, Dannemiller, N, Kraberger, S, Ledesma-Feliciano, C, Malmberg, J, Roelke-Parker, M, Cunningham, M, McBride, R, Riley, SPD, Vickers, WT, Logan, K, Alldredge, M, Crooks, K, Lochelt, M, Carver, S ORCID: 0000-0002-3579-7588 and VandeWoude, S 2019 , 'Feline foamy virus is highly prevalent in free-ranging Puma concolor from Colorado, Florida and southern California' , Viruses, vol. 11, no. 4 , p. 359 , doi: 10.3390/v11040359.

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Feline foamy virus (FFV) is a retrovirus that has been detected in multiple feline species, including domestic cats (Felis catus) and pumas (Puma concolor). FFV results in persistent infection but is generally thought to be apathogenic. Sero-prevalence in domestic cat populations has been documented in several countries, but the extent of viral infections in nondomestic felids has not been reported. In this study, we screened sera from 348 individual pumas from Colorado, Southern California and Florida for FFV exposure by assessing sero-reactivity using an FFV anti-Gag ELISA. We documented a sero-prevalence of 78.6% across all sampled subpopulations, representing 69.1% in Southern California, 77.3% in Colorado, and 83.5% in Florida. Age was a significant risk factor for FFV infection when analyzing the combined populations. This high prevalence in geographically distinct populations reveals widespread exposure of puma to FFV and suggests efficient shedding and transmission in wild populations.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Kechejian, SR and Dannemiller, N and Kraberger, S and Ledesma-Feliciano, C and Malmberg, J and Roelke-Parker, M and Cunningham, M and McBride, R and Riley, SPD and Vickers, WT and Logan, K and Alldredge, M and Crooks, K and Lochelt, M and Carver, S and VandeWoude, S
Keywords: feline foamy virus, epidemiology, retrovirus, Spumaretrovirus, mountain lion, Puma concolor, ELISA, epidemiology
Journal or Publication Title: Viruses
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 1999-4915
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/v11040359
Copyright Information:

Copyright: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (

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