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Mechanistic insights into the role of serum-glucocorticoid kinase 1 in diabetic nephropathy: A systematic review

Noor, S, Mohammad, T, Farhat, J, Bilgrami, AL, Eapen, MS ORCID: 0000-0003-0570-7059, Sohal, SS ORCID: 0000-0001-9627-6498, Yadav, DK and Hassan, MI 2021 , 'Mechanistic insights into the role of serum-glucocorticoid kinase 1 in diabetic nephropathy: A systematic review' , International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 193, no. Pt A , pp. 562-573 , doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.10.165.

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Abstract

Aberrant expression of serum-glucocorticoid kinase 1 (SGK1) contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple disorders, including diabetes, hypertension, obesity, fibrosis, and metabolic syndrome. SGK1 variant is expressed in the presence of insulin and several growth factors, eventually modulating various ion channels, carrier proteins, and transcription factors. SGK1 also regulates the enzymatic activity of Na+ K+ATPase, glycogen synthase kinase-3, ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2, and phosphomannose mutase impacting cell cycle regulation, neuroexcitation, and apoptosis. Ample evidence supports the crucial role of aberrant SGK1 expression in hyperglycemia-mediated secondary organ damage. Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a dreadful microvascular complication of diabetes, is the leading cause of end-stage renal failures with high morbidity and mortality rate. The complex pathogenesis of DN encompasses several influencing factors, including transcriptional factors, inflammatory markers, cytokines, epigenetic modulators, and abnormal enzymatic activities. SGK1 plays a pivotal role by controlling various physiological functions associated with the occurrence and progression of DN; therefore, targeting SGK1 may favorably influence the clinical outcome in patients with DN. This review aimed to provide mechanistic insights into SGK1 regulated DN pathogenesis and summarize the evidence supporting the therapeutic potential of SGK1 inhibition and its consequences on human health.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Noor, S and Mohammad, T and Farhat, J and Bilgrami, AL and Eapen, MS and Sohal, SS and Yadav, DK and Hassan, MI
Keywords: diabetic nephropathy, epithelial sodium channel, hyperglycemia, renal fibrosis, serum glucocorticoid kinase, therapeutic targeting
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0141-8130
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.10.165
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© 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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