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Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars at two harmonics in 2015-2017 LIGO data

Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abbott, TD, Abraham, S, Acernese, F, Altin, PA and Palfreyman, J ORCID: 0000-0001-8691-8039 2019 , 'Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars at two harmonics in 2015-2017 LIGO data' , Astrophysical Journal, vol. 879, no. 1 , pp. 1-36 , doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab20cb.

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Abstract

We present a search for gravitational waves from 222 pulsars with rotation frequencies ≳10 Hz. We use advanced LIGO data from its first and second observing runs spanning 2015–2017, which provides the highest-sensitivity gravitational-wave data so far obtained. In this search we target emission from both the l = m = 2 mass quadrupole mode, with a frequency at twice that of the pulsar's rotation, and the l = 2, m = 1 mode, with a frequency at the pulsar rotation frequency. The search finds no evidence for gravitational-wave emission from any pulsar at either frequency. For the l = m = 2 mode search, we provide updated upper limits on the gravitational-wave amplitude, mass quadrupole moment, and fiducial ellipticity for 167 pulsars, and the first such limits for a further 55. For 20 young pulsars these results give limits that are below those inferred from the pulsars' spin-down. For the Crab and Vela pulsars our results constrain gravitational-wave emission to account for less than 0.017% and 0.18% of the spin-down luminosity, respectively. For the recycled millisecond pulsar J0711−6830 our limits are only a factor of 1.3 above the spin-down limit, assuming the canonical value of 1038 kg m2 for the star's moment of inertia, and imply a gravitational-wave-derived upper limit on the star's ellipticity of 1.2 × 10-8. We also place new limits on the emission amplitude at the rotation frequency of the pulsars.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Abbott, BP and Abbott, R and Abbott, TD and Abraham, S and Acernese, F and Altin, PA and Palfreyman, J
Keywords: gravitational waves, pulsars, neutron stars
Journal or Publication Title: Astrophysical Journal
Publisher: Univ Chicago Press
ISSN: 0004-637X
DOI / ID Number: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab20cb
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© Copyright 2021 IOP Publishing

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