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The medial offshore record of explosive volcanism along the central to eastern Aegean Volcanic Arc, part 2: Tephra ages and volumes, eruption magnitudes and marine sedimentation rate variations

Kutterolf, S, Freundt, A, Druitt, TH, McPhie, J, Nomikou, P, Pank, K, Schindlbeck-Belo, JC, Hansteen, TH and Allen, S 2021 , 'The medial offshore record of explosive volcanism along the central to eastern Aegean Volcanic Arc, part 2: Tephra ages and volumes, eruption magnitudes and marine sedimentation rate variations' , Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems , doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GC010011.

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Abstract

We use the tephrostratigraphic framework along the Aegean Volcanic Arc established in part 1 of this contribution to determine hemipelagic sedimentation rates, calculate new tephra ages, and constrain the minimum magnitudes of (sub)plinian eruptions of thelast 200 kyrs. Hemipelagic sedimentation rates range from ~0.5 cm/kyr up to ~40 cm/kyr and vary laterally as well as over time. Interpolation between dated tephras yields an eruption age of ~37 ka for the Firiplaka tephra, showing that explosive volcanism on Milos is ~24 kyrs younger than previously thought. The four marine Nisyros tephras (N1 to N4) identified in part 1 (including the Upper (N1) and Lower (N4) Pumice) have ages of ~57 ka, ~63 ka, ~69 ka, and ~76 ka, respectively. Eruption ages for the Yali-1 and Yali-2 tephras are ~55ka and ~34 ka, respectively. The Yali-2 tephra comprises two geochemically and laterally distinct marine facies. The southern facies is identical to the Yali-2 fall deposit on land but the western facies has slightly less evolved glass compositions. Overall, erupted plinian and co-ignimbrite fall tephra volumes range from 3 (excluding possible caldera fillings and ignimbite volumes), and 80% of the eruptions had magnitude 5.5

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Kutterolf, S and Freundt, A and Druitt, TH and McPhie, J and Nomikou, P and Pank, K and Schindlbeck-Belo, JC and Hansteen, TH and Allen, S
Keywords: tephrostratigraphy, Aegean Arc, chemical fingerprinting, volcanology
Journal or Publication Title: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Publisher: Amer Geophysical Union
ISSN: 1525-2027
DOI / ID Number: https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GC010011
Copyright Information:

© 2021. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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