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Association between type 2 diabetes and long-term outcomes in middle-aged and older trauma patients

Daly, SL, Gabbe, BJ, Climie, RE and Ekegren, CL 2022 , 'Association between type 2 diabetes and long-term outcomes in middle-aged and older trauma patients' , Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, vol. 92, no. 1 , pp. 185-192 , doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000003317.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Diabetes is associated with increased hospital complications and mortality following trauma. However, there is limited research on the longer-term recovery of trauma patients with diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore the association between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and in-hospital and 24-month outcomes in major trauma patients.METHODS In this cohort study using the Victorian State Trauma Registry, middle-aged and older adults (≥45 years) with major trauma were followed up at 24 months postinjury. Logistic regression (univariable and multivariable) analyses were used to determine the association between diabetes status and 24-month patient-reported outcomes. In-hospital outcomes were compared between groups using χ2 tests.RESULTSOf the 11,490 participants who survived to hospital discharge, 8,493 survived to 24 months postinjury and were followed up at that time point: 953 people (11%) with and 7540 (89%) without T2D. People with T2D had a higher in-hospital death rate (19%) compared with people without T2D (16%; p CONCLUSIONMajor trauma patients with T2D have a poorer prognosis than patients without T2D, both during their hospital admission and 24 months postinjury. Patients with T2D may need additional health care and support following trauma to reach their recovery potential.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Daly, SL and Gabbe, BJ and Climie, RE and Ekegren, CL
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, major trauma, injury, patient-reported outcomes, hospital outcomes
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 2163-0755
DOI / ID Number: 10.1097/TA.0000000000003317
Copyright Information:

Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

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