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Toward the widespread application of low-cost technologies in coastal ocean observing (Internet of Things for the Ocean)

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Marcelli, M, Piermattei, V, Gerin, R, Brunetti, F, Pietrosemoli, E, Addo, S, Boudaya, L, Coleman, R ORCID: 0000-0002-9731-7498, Nubi, O, Jojannes, R, Sarker, S, Sohou, Z, Zennaro, M, Whiltshire, K and Crise, A 2021 , 'Toward the widespread application of low-cost technologies in coastal ocean observing (Internet of Things for the Ocean)' , Mediterranean Marine Science, vol. 22, no. 2 , pp. 255-269 , doi: 10.12681/mms.25060.

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Abstract

The ability to access user-friendly, low-cost instrumentation remains a limiting factor in coastal ocean observing. The majorityof currently available marine observation equipment is difficult to deploy, costly to operate, and requires specific technical skills.Moreover, a harmonized observation program for the world’s coastal waters has not yet been established despite the efforts of theglobal ocean organizations. Global observational systems are mainly focused on open ocean waters and do not include coastaland shelf areas, where models and satellites require large data sets for their calibration and validation. Fortunately, recent technologicaladvances have created opportunities to improve sensors, platforms, and communications that will enable a step-change incoastal ocean observing, which will be driven by a decreasing cost of the components, the availability of cheap housing, low-costcontroller/data loggers based on embedded systems, and low/no subscription costs for LPWAN communication systems. Consideringthe above necessities and opportunities, POGO’s OpenMODs project identified a series of general needs/requirementsto be met in an Open science development framework. In order to satisfy monitoring and research necessities, the sensors to beimplemented must be easily interfaced with the data acquisition and transmission system, as well as compliant with accuracyand stability requirements. Here we propose an approach to co-design cost-effective observing modular instrument architecturebased on available low-cost measurement and data transmission technologies, able to be mounted/operated on various platforms.This instrument can fit the needs of a large community that includes scientific research (including those in developing countries),non-scientific stakeholders, and educators.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Marcelli, M and Piermattei, V and Gerin, R and Brunetti, F and Pietrosemoli, E and Addo, S and Boudaya, L and Coleman, R and Nubi, O and Jojannes, R and Sarker, S and Sohou, Z and Zennaro, M and Whiltshire, K and Crise, A
Keywords: internet of things, low cost technologies, ocean observations
Journal or Publication Title: Mediterranean Marine Science
Publisher: Institouton Okeanografikon kai Alieutikon Ereunon
ISSN: 1108-393X
DOI / ID Number: 10.12681/mms.25060
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