Open Access Repository

The Southern Ocean sea surface temperature response to ozone depletion: a multimodel comparison

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Seviour, WJM, Codron, F, Doddridge, EW ORCID: 0000-0002-6097-5729, Ferreira, D, Gnanadesikan, A, Kelley, M, Kostov, Y, Marshall, J, Polvani, LM, Thomas, JL and Waugh, DW 2019 , 'The Southern Ocean sea surface temperature response to ozone depletion: a multimodel comparison' , Journal of Climate, vol. 32, no. 16 , pp. 5107-5121 , doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0109.1.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Published version)
148781 - The So...pdf | Download (1MB)

| Preview

Abstract

The effect of the Antarctic ozone hole extends downward from the stratosphere, with clear signatures in surface weather patterns including a positive trend in the southern annular mode (SAM). Several recent studies have used coupled climate models to investigate the impact of these changes on Southern Ocean sea surface temperature (SST), notably motivated by the observed cooling from the late 1970s. Here we examine the robustness of these model results through comparison of both previously published and new simulations. We focus on the calculation of climate response functions (CRFs), transient responses to an instantaneous step change in ozone concentrations. The CRF for most models consists of a rapid cooling of SST followed by a slower warming trend. However, intermodel comparison reveals large uncertainties, such that even the sign of the impact of ozone depletion on historical SST, when reconstructed from the CRF, remains unconstrained. Comparison of these CRFs with SST responses to a hypothetical step change in the SAM, inferred through lagged linear regression, shows broadly similar results. Causes of uncertainty are explored by examining relationships between model climatologies and their CRFs. The intermodel spread in CRFs can be reproduced by varying a single subgrid-scale mixing parameter within a single model. Antarctic sea ice CRFs are also calculated: these do not generally exhibit the two-time-scale behavior of SST, suggesting a complex relationship between the two. Finally, by constraining model climatology–response relationships with observational values, we conclude that ozone depletion is unlikely to have been the primary driver of the observed SST cooling trend.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Seviour, WJM and Codron, F and Doddridge, EW and Ferreira, D and Gnanadesikan, A and Kelley, M and Kostov, Y and Marshall, J and Polvani, LM and Thomas, JL and Waugh, DW
Keywords: Southern Ocean, ozone
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Climate
Publisher: Amer Meteorological Soc
ISSN: 0894-8755
DOI / ID Number: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0109.1
Copyright Information:

© Copyright 2019 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact permissions@ametsoc.org. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code §?107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. All AMS journals and monograph publications are registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (https://www.copyright.com). Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement, available on the AMS website (https://www.ametsoc.org/PUBSCopyrightPolicy).

Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page
TOP