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Soft tissue-related injuries sustained following volcanic eruptions: an integrative review

Beylin, D, Mantal, O, Haik, J, Kornhaber, R ORCID: 0000-0001-6556-6775, Cleary, M, Neil, A ORCID: 0000-0002-1344-6672 and Harats, M 2021 , 'Soft tissue-related injuries sustained following volcanic eruptions: an integrative review' , Burns: Including Thermal Injury , pp. 1-16 , doi:

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BackgroundThe contribution of various volcanic phenomena to immediate soft tissue injury types has received limited attention challenging emergency management planning. This integrative review sought to investigate the immediate types of soft tissue-related injury sustained following volcanic eruptions.MethodsA systematic search was conducted in January 2020 across EMBASE, PubMed, and Scopus databases. 718 articles were retrieved, and 15 studies met the final inclusion criteria.ResultsInjuries acquired, and health impacts were categorized by onset-direct/indirect or immediate/delayed. Health concerns following an eruption were categorised: (1) respiratory; (2) ocular; and (3) skin, including deep tissues. Respiratory concerns were attributed to ashfall, volcanic gases and pyroclastic density currents; most ocular injuries to ashfall; and skin/deep tissues to pyroclastic density currents and mudflows.ConclusionsVolcanic eruptions simultaneously present multiple hazards with immediate/short term health consequences across three major levels (i.e., respiratory, ocular, and skin, including deep tissues). Hazard(s) differ by time of onset and associated mostly with the eruptive phenomena. Understanding local volcanic phenomenon is essential to assisting health personnel provide informed and timely care.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Beylin, D and Mantal, O and Haik, J and Kornhaber, R and Cleary, M and Neil, A and Harats, M
Keywords: soft tissue injury, burns, volcanic eruptions
Journal or Publication Title: Burns: Including Thermal Injury
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
ISSN: 0305-4179
DOI / ID Number:
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© 2021 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

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