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Global early childhood caries: A review of literature

Shrestha, A, Hoang, H ORCID: 0000-0001-5116-9947, Gardner, S, Pradhan, A and Crocombe, L ORCID: 0000-0002-3916-0058 2021 , 'Global early childhood caries: A review of literature' , Nepal Medical College Journal, vol. 23, no. 3 , pp. 264-271 , doi:

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Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a major public health concern in the world. There is a highprevalence of ECC in developing countries. The review aimed to synthesise the publishedliterature on the global prevalence of ECC and its associated factors. Researches conductedin Asian, European, American and African countries were included. The review includedobservational cross-sectional, case-control, cohort studies, and clinical trials. The ECC variesacross countries and the continents. Several studies showed inequitable distribution of ECC withinregions of a country. The result of this review provides global prevalence of ECC and associatedrisk factors. Despite the variation of prevalence of ECC, it remains a universal burden. Studieshave demonstrated that even in developed countries, ECC represents a significant burden inpreschool children. The S. mutans and , oral hygiene habits, breastfeeding and bottle feedingalong with factors such as parental education are major risk factors for ECC. There have beenlimited studies conducted on ECC in Nepal.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Shrestha, A and Hoang, H and Gardner, S and Pradhan, A and Crocombe, L
Keywords: early childhood caries, global, prevalence, risk factors
Journal or Publication Title: Nepal Medical College Journal
Publisher: Nepal Medical College
ISSN: 2676-1424
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright (c) 2021 Nepal Medical College Journal. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License. (

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