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From data to marine ecosystem assessments of the Southern Ocean: achievements, challenges, and lessons for the future

Van de Putte, AP, Griffiths, HJ, Brooks, A, Bricher, P, Sweetlove, M, Halfter, S ORCID: 0000-0002-0480-0350 and Raymond, B 2021 , 'From data to marine ecosystem assessments of the Southern Ocean: achievements, challenges, and lessons for the future' , Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 8 , pp. 1-15 , doi:

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Southern Ocean ecosystems offer numerous benefits to human society and the global environment, and maintaining them requires well-informed and effective ecosystem-based management. Up to date and accurate information is needed on the status of species, communities, habitats and ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries, tourism and climate change. This information can be used to generate indicators and undertake assessments to advise decision-makers. Currently, most marine assessments are derivative: reliant on the review of published peer-reviewed literature. More timely and accurate information for decision making requires an integrated Marine Biological Observing and Informatics System that combines and distributes data. For such a system to work, data needs to be shared according to the FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable), use transparent and reproducible science, adhere to the principle of action ecology and complement global initiatives. Here we aim to provide an overview of the components of such a system currently in place for the Southern Ocean, the existing gaps and a framework for a way forward.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Van de Putte, AP and Griffiths, HJ and Brooks, A and Bricher, P and Sweetlove, M and Halfter, S and Raymond, B
Keywords: marine assessment, observing and informatics system, FAIR principles
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright © 2021 Van de Putte, Griffiths, Brooks, Bricher, Sweetlove, Halfter and Raymond. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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