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Divergent physiological and molecular responses of light- and iron-limited Southern Ocean phytoplankton

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Andrew, SM, Strzepek, RF ORCID: 0000-0002-6442-7121, Whitney, SM, Chow, WS and Ellwood, MJ 2022 , 'Divergent physiological and molecular responses of light- and iron-limited Southern Ocean phytoplankton' , Limnology and Oceanography Letters, vol. 7, no. 2 , pp. 150-158 , doi: 10.1002/lol2.10223.

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Abstract

It has recently been shown that Southern Ocean phytoplankton species have evolved to optimize their light-harvesting potential without increasing the high iron-requiring proteins used for photosynthesis. We measured molecular and physiological responses of phytoplankton cultures under a combination of iron and light conditions. While iron-replete cultures mostly increased biovolume, photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm) and the relative abundance of photosystem II (PSII) and Cytochrome b6f protein compared to iron-limited cultures, light also regulated cellular chlorophyll a content and played a role in controlling PSII protein abundance. Investment of protein resources into the carbon fixing enzyme Ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (Rubisco) was species-specific, but increased growth rates correlated with increased investment into Rubisco for all species. Our results suggest that Proboscia inermis uses a divergent molecular strategy to compete for nutrients, light, and CO2 in the Southern Ocean.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Andrew, SM and Strzepek, RF and Whitney, SM and Chow, WS and Ellwood, MJ
Keywords: iron, light, physiology, Southern Ocean, phytoplankton, microbial ecology
Journal or Publication Title: Limnology and Oceanography Letters
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISSN: 2378-2242
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/lol2.10223
Copyright Information:

© 2021 The Authors. Limnology and Oceanography Letters published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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