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Effects of preoperative physiotherapy on signs and symptoms of pulmonary collapse and infection after major abdominal surgery: secondary analysis of the LIPPSMAck-POP multicentre randomised controlled trial

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Boden, I ORCID: 0000-0002-9283-4779, Reeve, J, Robertson, IK, Browning, L, Skinner, EH, Anderson, L, Hill, C, Story, D and Denehy, L 2021 , 'Effects of preoperative physiotherapy on signs and symptoms of pulmonary collapse and infection after major abdominal surgery: secondary analysis of the LIPPSMAck-POP multicentre randomised controlled trial' , Perioperative Medicine, vol. 10 , doi: 10.1186/s13741-021-00206-3.

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Abstract

BackgroundPreoperative education and breathing exercise training by a physiotherapist minimises pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery. Effects on specific clinical outcomes such as antibiotic prescriptions, chest imaging, sputum cultures, oxygen requirements, and diagnostic coding are unknown.MethodsThis post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data within a double-blinded, multicentre, randomised controlled trial involving 432 participants having major abdominal surgery explored effects of preoperative education and breathing exercise training with a physiotherapist on postoperative antibiotic prescriptions, hypoxemia, sputum cultures, chest imaging, auscultation, leukocytosis, pyrexia, oxygen therapy, and diagnostic coding, compared to a control group who received a booklet alone. All participants received standardised postoperative early ambulation. Outcomes were assessed daily for 14 postoperative days. Analyses were intention-to-treat using adjusted generalised multivariate linear regression.ResultsPreoperative physiotherapy was associated with fewer antibiotic prescriptions specific for a respiratory infection (RR 0.52; 95% CI 0.31 to 0.85, p = 0.01), less purulent sputum on the third and fourth postoperative days (RR 0.50; 95% CI 0.34 to 0.73, p = 0.01), fewer positive sputum cultures from the third to fifth postoperative day (RR 0.17; 95% CI 0.04 to 0.77, p = 0.01), and less oxygen therapy requirements (RR 0.49; 95% CI 0.31 to 0.78, p = 0.002). Treatment effects were specific to respiratory clinical coding domains.ConclusionsPreoperative physiotherapy prevents postoperative pulmonary complications and is associated with the minimisation of signs and symptoms of pulmonary collapse/consolidation and airway infection and specifically results in reduced oxygen therapy requirements and antibiotic prescriptions.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Boden, I and Reeve, J and Robertson, IK and Browning, L and Skinner, EH and Anderson, L and Hill, C and Story, D and Denehy, L
Keywords: pulmonary complications, preoperative, physiotherapy, antibiotics, oxygen therapy, abdominal surgery, breathing exercises
Journal or Publication Title: Perioperative Medicine
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
ISSN: 2047-0525
DOI / ID Number: 10.1186/s13741-021-00206-3
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 The AuthorsLicensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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