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Impairments, and physical design and culture of a rehabilitation unit influence stroke survivor activity: qualitative analysis of rehabilitation staff perceptions

Janssen, H, Bird, M-L ORCID: 0000-0001-9642-7196, Luker, J, Seller, B, Berndt, A, Ashby, S, McClusky, A, Ada, L, Blennerhassett, J, Bernhardt, J and Spratt, NJ 2022 , 'Impairments, and physical design and culture of a rehabilitation unit influence stroke survivor activity: qualitative analysis of rehabilitation staff perceptions' , Disability and Rehabilitation , pp. 1-6 , doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.2019840.

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Purpose: This study aimed to investigate rehabilitation staff perceptions of factors influencing stroke survivor activity outside of dedicated therapy time for the purpose of supporting successful translation of activity promoting interventions in a rehabilitation unit. Materials and methods: Purposive sampling of multi-disciplinary teams from four rehabilitation units was performed, and semi-structured interviews were conducted by telephone, digitally audio-recorded and then transcribed verbatim. A stepped iterative process of thematic analysis was employed until data saturation was reached. Results: All but one of the 22 participants were female, the majority were either physiotherapists or occupational therapists, with a median of 4 years (interquartile range, 2–10) working at their respective rehabilitation units. Analysis of the data revealed three themes: (i) stroke survivor characteristics influence their activity outside therapy, (ii) the rehabilitation environment influences physical, cognitive, and social activity, and (iii) institutional priorities, staff culture, and attitude can be barriers to activity. Rehabilitation units were perceived to be unstimulating, and visitors considered enablers of activity when resources were perceived to be scarce. Conclusions: Our results suggest careful consideration of the involvement of visitors, an individual’s needs and preferences, and the institution’s priorities and staff attitude may result in greater stroke survivor activity during rehabilitation.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Janssen, H and Bird, M-L and Luker, J and Seller, B and Berndt, A and Ashby, S and McClusky, A and Ada, L and Blennerhassett, J and Bernhardt, J and Spratt, NJ
Keywords: activity, rehabilitation, stroke, implementation, activity, barriers, environment
Journal or Publication Title: Disability and Rehabilitation
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0963-8288
DOI / ID Number: 10.1080/09638288.2021.2019840
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Copyright 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

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