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Seagrass restoration is possible: insights and lessons from Australia and New Zealand

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Tan, YM, Dalby, O, Kendrick, GA, Statton, J, Sinclair, EA, Fraser, MW, Macreadie, PI, Gillies, CL, Coleman, RA, Waycott, M, van Dijk, KJ, Verges, A, Ross, JD ORCID: 0000-0002-8659-3833, Campbell, ML, Matheson, FE, Jackson, EL, Irving, AD, Govers, LL, Connolly, RM, McLeod, IM, Rasheed, MA, Kirkman, H, Flindt, MR, Lange, T, Miller, AD and Sherman, CDH 2020 , 'Seagrass restoration is possible: insights and lessons from Australia and New Zealand' , Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 7 , pp. 1-21 , doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00617.

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Abstract

Seagrasses are important marine ecosystems situated throughout the world's coastlines. They are facing declines around the world due to global and local threats such as rising ocean temperatures, coastal development and pollution from sewage outfalls and agriculture. Efforts have been made to reduce seagrass loss through reducing local and regional stressors, and through active restoration. Seagrass restoration is a rapidly maturing discipline, but improved restoration practices are needed to enhance the success of future programs. Major gaps in knowledge remain, however, prior research efforts have provided valuable insights into factors influencing the outcomes of restoration and there are now several examples of successful large-scale restoration programs. A variety of tools and techniques have recently been developed that will improve the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and scalability of restoration programs. This review describes several restoration successes in Australia and New Zealand, with a focus on emerging techniques for restoration, key considerations for future programs, and highlights the benefits of increased collaboration, Traditional Owner (First Nation) and stakeholder engagement. Combined, these lessons and emerging approaches show that seagrass restoration is possible, and efforts should be directed at upscaling seagrass restoration into the future. This is critical for the future conservation of this important ecosystem and the ecological and coastal communities they support.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Tan, YM and Dalby, O and Kendrick, GA and Statton, J and Sinclair, EA and Fraser, MW and Macreadie, PI and Gillies, CL and Coleman, RA and Waycott, M and van Dijk, KJ and Verges, A and Ross, JD and Campbell, ML and Matheson, FE and Jackson, EL and Irving, AD and Govers, LL and Connolly, RM and McLeod, IM and Rasheed, MA and Kirkman, H and Flindt, MR and Lange, T and Miller, AD and Sherman, CDH
Keywords: seagrass ecosystems, coastal, climate change, marine plants, restoration
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI / ID Number: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00617
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2020 Tan, Dalby, Kendrick, Statton, Sinclair, Fraser, Macreadie, Gillies,Coleman, Waycott, van Dijk, Vergés, Ross, Campbell, Matheson, Jackson, Irving,Govers, Connolly, McLeod, Rasheed, Kirkman, Flindt, Lange, Miller and Sherman.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution License (CC BY).

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