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Calcium signalling in medulloblastoma: an in silico analysis of the expression of calcium regulating genes in patient samples

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Maklad, A ORCID: 0000-0002-8523-0715, Sedeeq, M, Milevskiy, MJG and Azimi, I ORCID: 0000-0001-9477-9999 2021 , 'Calcium signalling in medulloblastoma: an in silico analysis of the expression of calcium regulating genes in patient samples' , Genes, vol. 12, no. 9 , doi: 10.3390/genes12091329.

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Abstract

Dysregulation in calcium signalling is implicated in several cancer-associated processes, including cell proliferation, migration, invasion and therapy resistance. Modulators of specific calcium-regulating proteins have been proposed as promising future therapeutic agents for some cancers. Alterations in calcium signalling have been extensively studied in some cancers; however, this area of research is highly underexplored in medulloblastoma (MB), the most common paediatric malignant brain tumour. Current MB treatment modalities are not completely effective and can result in several long-lasting mental complications. Hence, new treatment strategies are needed. In this study, we sought to probe the landscape of calcium signalling regulators to uncover those most likely to be involved in MB tumours. We investigated the expression of calcium signalling regulator genes in MB patients using publicly available datasets. We stratified the expression level of these genes with MB molecular subgroups, tumour metastasis and patient survival to uncover correlations with clinical features. Of particular interest was CACNA1 genes, in which we were able to show a developmentally-driven change in expression within the cerebellum, MB's tissue of origin, highlighting a potential influence on tumour incidence. This study lays a platform for future investigations into molecular regulators of calcium signalling in MB formation and progression.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Maklad, A and Sedeeq, M and Milevskiy, MJG and Azimi, I
Keywords: calcium signalling, medulloblastoma, gene expression, in silico analysis
Journal or Publication Title: Genes
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 2073-4425
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/genes12091329
Copyright Information:

Copyright: © 2021 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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