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Indexes of radicle are sensitive and effective for assessing copper and zinc tolerance in germinating seeds of suaeda salsa


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Zhang, H, Jiang, L, Tanveer, M, Ma, J, Zhao, Z and Wang, L 2020 , 'Indexes of radicle are sensitive and effective for assessing copper and zinc tolerance in germinating seeds of suaeda salsa' , Agriculture, vol. 10, no. 10 , pp. 1-12 , doi: 10.3390/agriculture10100445.

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Euhalophytes, such as Suaeda salsa, are ideal candidates to remediate heavy metal-polluted saline soils. However, the metal tolerance ability of dimorphic seeds and subsequent seedlings is largely unknown. This study investigated the tolerance of S. salsa seeds to different concentrations of Cu2+ (0-300 mM) and Zn2+ (0-300 mM) during germination and seedling growth stages. Results showed that dimorphic seeds of S. salsa had high metal tolerance during germination, and even germinated under 300 mM Cu and Zn treatments. However, seedling growth was more sensitive to metal solutions and radicle growth was almost completely inhibited by Cu at 10 mM, and by Zn at 50 mM. Germinating seeds and seedlings of S. salsa had a higher metal toxicity threshold of Zn than that of Cu. In all indexes, indexes of radicle were the most sensitive and effective indicator of metal tolerance. Seeds of S. salsa germinated successfully and seedlings survived under high Zn and Cu stress. The results suggest that S. salsa could be sown directly in heavy metal-contaminated soils for phytoremediation.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Zhang, H and Jiang, L and Tanveer, M and Ma, J and Zhao, Z and Wang, L
Keywords: dimorphic seed; germination index; halophyte; phytoremediation; seedling growth; Suaeda salsa
Journal or Publication Title: Agriculture
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 2077-0472
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/agriculture10100445
Copyright Information:

Copyright: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (

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