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Mechanism of plant growth promotion and disease suppression by chitosan biopolymer

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Chakraborty, M, Hasanuzzaman, M, Rahman, M, Khan, MAR, Bhowmik, P, Mahmud, NU, Tanveer, M and Islam, T 2020 , 'Mechanism of plant growth promotion and disease suppression by chitosan biopolymer' , Agriculture, vol. 10, no. 12 , pp. 1-30 , doi: 10.3390/agriculture10120624.

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Abstract

The chitosan (CHT) biopolymer is a de-acetylated chitin derivative that exists in the outer shell of shrimp, shellfish, lobster or crabs, as well as fungal cell walls. Because of its biodegradability, environmental non-toxicity, and biocompatibility, it is an ideal resource for sustainable agriculture. The CHT emerged as a promising agent used as a plant growth promoter and also as an antimicrobial agent. It induces plant growth by influencing plant physiological processes like nutrient uptake, cell division, cell elongation, enzymatic activation and synthesis of protein that can eventually lead to increased yield. It also acts as a catalyst to inhibit the growth of plant pathogens, and alter plant defense responses by triggering multiple useful metabolic pathways. This review emphasizes the role and mechanisms of CHT as a plant growth promoter and disease suppressor, and its future implications in agriculture.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Chakraborty, M and Hasanuzzaman, M and Rahman, M and Khan, MAR and Bhowmik, P and Mahmud, NU and Tanveer, M and Islam, T
Journal or Publication Title: Agriculture
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 2077-0472
DOI / ID Number: 10.3390/agriculture10120624
Copyright Information:

Copyright: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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