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Characterizing the ways in which young students recognise, describe, explain and employ variation when analysing data in a STEM context

Watson, J ORCID: 0000-0002-6001-7248, Fitzallen, N ORCID: 0000-0002-0002-5748, Wright, S ORCID: 0000-0003-1541-0769 and Kelly, BA 2022 , 'Characterizing the ways in which young students recognise, describe, explain and employ variation when analysing data in a STEM context' , International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education , pp. 1-34 , doi: 10.1007/s10763-022-10281-7.

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Abstract

This report focuses on the ways in which 36 Grade 4 students recognized, explained, described and employed variation during interviews conducted one month after participating in STEM-based activities in which they tested, adjusted, and re-tested catapults. An inductive thematic methodology was used for analysis of the interview transcripts to capture the ways in which students discussed their analyses and justified their conclusions from the activity. The results were based on 1080 instances of variation in student responses to the interview questions, which evidenced three ways students characterized variation: Contextual Variation, Specific Variation, and General Variation. Findings point to the essential nature of context in building statistical understanding in relation to both specific and general aspects of variation as well as decision-making in that context.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Watson, J and Fitzallen, N and Wright, S and Kelly, BA
Keywords: STEM, catapults, grade 4, data collection, data analysis, interviews
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
ISSN: 1573-1774
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s10763-022-10281-7
Copyright Information:

© The Author(s) 2022

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