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Increased knowledge of adult-onset dystonia amongst medical students via brief video education: a systematic review and cohort study

Khan, S, Sowemimo, N, Alty, J ORCID: 0000-0002-5456-8676 and Cosgrove, J 2022 , 'Increased knowledge of adult-onset dystonia amongst medical students via brief video education: a systematic review and cohort study' , Geriatrics, vol. 7, no. 3 , pp. 1-13 , doi:

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Most doctors have limited knowledge of dystonia, a movement disorder that can affect people of all ages; this contributes to diagnostic delay and poor quality of life. We investigated whether a brief educational intervention could improve knowledge of dystonia amongst medical students. We conducted a systematic review on undergraduate knowledge of dystonia and created an eight-minute video on the condition. We invited medical students at the University of Leeds, UK, to answer 15 multiple choice questions before and immediately after watching the video, and again one month later. Only one previous study specifically assessed medical students knowledge of dystonia whilst five others tested their knowledge of movement disorders, or neurology generally, with some questions on dystonia. Of the University of Leeds medical students, 87 (100%), 77 (89%) and 40 (46%) completed the baseline, immediate-recall and delayed-recall questionnaires, respectively. The mean score for students who completed all three questionnaires increased from 7.7 (out of 15) to 12.5 on the immediate-recall questionnaire (p p < 0.001). At baseline, 76% of students rated their confidence in recognising dystonia as low. After watching the video, 78% rated their confidence as a high, and none rated it low. A brief video improved their knowledge substantially, with sustained effects. This method could be incorporated into medical curricula to reduce diagnostic delays.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Khan, S and Sowemimo, N and Alty, J and Cosgrove, J
Keywords: teaching, medical education, dystonia, neurology, curriculum, online
Journal or Publication Title: Geriatrics
Publisher: MDPI AG
ISSN: 2308-3417
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (

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