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ENSO-Driven Ocean Extremes and Their Ecosystem Impacts

Holbrook, NJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3523-6254, Claar, DC, Hobday, AJ, McInnes, KL, Oliver, ECJ, Sen Gupta, A, Widlansky, MJ and Zhang, X 2021 , 'ENSO-Driven Ocean Extremes and Their Ecosystem Impacts', in MJ McPhaden and A Santoso and W Cai (eds.), El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate , John Wiley & Sons Inc, United States, pp. 409-428.

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Abstract

El NiñoSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) events can cause extremes in the ocean environment that have substantialimpacts on marine ecosystems. In the shallow-water/coastal marine environment, ENSO-related extremes in sealevel and seawater temperature have been found to impact coral, kelp, seagrass, and mangrove ecosystems. Coastalimpacts from sea level extremes include exposure of shallow-water ecosystems and inundation in low-lying areas.Ocean temperature extremes, including marine heatwaves, cause coral bleaching and can impact kelp and seagrassdensity. This chapter reviews knowledge and understanding of ENSOs role in sea level extremes and oceantemperature extremes, and their impacts on these key shallow-water/coastal marine ecosystems.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors/Creators:Holbrook, NJ and Claar, DC and Hobday, AJ and McInnes, KL and Oliver, ECJ and Sen Gupta, A and Widlansky, MJ and Zhang, X
Keywords: ENSO, climate, ecosystem impacts, marine ecosystems
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/9781119548164.ch18
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2021 American Geophysical Union

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