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The long and narrow path for novel cell-based seafood to reduce fishing pressure for marine ecosystem recovery

Halpern, BS, Maier, J, Lahr, HJ, Blasco, G, Costello, C, Cottrell, RS ORCID: 0000-0002-6499-7503, Deschenes, O, Farraro, DM, Froehlich, HE, McDonald, GG, Millage, KD and Weir, MJ 2021 , 'The long and narrow path for novel cell-based seafood to reduce fishing pressure for marine ecosystem recovery' , Fish and Fisheries, vol. 22, no. 3 , pp. 652-664 , doi: 10.1111/faf.12541.

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Abstract

Cell-based seafood is an emerging novel food, with many start-up companies aspiring for ocean conservation benefits through expanded market share that displaces wild-caught seafood. However, the ability for cell-based seafood to achieve this conservation outcome is often oversimplified and will rely on an extensive, and we find somewhat tenuous, chain of events. Here, we outline the technological, behavioural, market and ecological changes that must occur along this pathway, and conclude that fisheries recoveries and collateral ocean benefits are unlikely to result from cell-based seafood technology. In particular, we detail nine necessary steps and argue that failure at any one step could hinder or even eliminate cell-based seafood's conservation effects. We additionally draw comparisons to aquaculture and share broader lessons for other demand-driven product interventions.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Halpern, BS and Maier, J and Lahr, HJ and Blasco, G and Costello, C and Cottrell, RS and Deschenes, O and Farraro, DM and Froehlich, HE and McDonald, GG and Millage, KD and Weir, MJ
Keywords: human diets, dietary transitions, new foods, novel foods, alternative protein, cellular agriculture, cultured meat, demand-side intervention, lab-grown meat, sustainable food
Journal or Publication Title: Fish and Fisheries
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
ISSN: 1467-2960
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/faf.12541
Copyright Information:

© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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