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State and local pressures drive plastic pollution compliance strategies

Willis, KA, Hardesty, BD and Wilcox, C 2021 , 'State and local pressures drive plastic pollution compliance strategies' , Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 287 , pp. 1-8 , doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112281.

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Abstract

Environmental harm from plastic pollution partly results from compliance failure at the individual level. Threeprevalent non-compliant motivations for polluting plastics include economic gains, ignorance of the rules andunlikely penalization from inadequately enforced rules. Given compliance is primarily the responsibility of localwaste management, we conducted interviews to gain insights to the factors driving changes in the crucial ongroundcontrols of plastic pollution. We expand on non-compliant motivations and provide a theoreticalframework to test the aforementioned. We show that compliance strategies are strongly driven by state judicialand economic controls, specifically new plastic legislation and levies. Furthermore, the priorities of wastemanagers and the socio-economics and population density of their constituents drove changes in local managementefforts. Our findings support the view that the growing global attention on plastic pollution shapes notonly what happens at a state level, but also importantly on-ground at the local level.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Willis, KA and Hardesty, BD and Wilcox, C
Keywords: plastic pollution, municipal government, compliance strategies, policy change, situational crime prevention, theory of planned behaviour, economic rationality
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Management
Publisher: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0301-4797
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112281
Copyright Information:

Crown Copyright © 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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