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Barriers and enablers to leisure provision in residential aged care: personal care attendant perspectives

Stoddart, SR, Courtney-Pratt, H ORCID: 0000-0002-6812-3360 and Andrews, S ORCID: 0000-0002-0996-0118 2022 , 'Barriers and enablers to leisure provision in residential aged care: personal care attendant perspectives' , Ageing & Society , pp. 1-21 , doi:

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This exploratory descriptive study investigated barriers and enablers to the provision of leisure activities for people living in three Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs) that operated under a household model of care. This research is unique in the international context, as few studies have explored the understandings and experiences of personal care attendants' (PCAs) perceptions of what impacts leisure provision for people living in RACFs. Qualitative data were collected from 17 PCAs via four focus groups. Barriers to leisure provision were identified as PCA-resident ratios, competing demands of the PCA role and a prioritisation of physical care tasks over leisure-related activities. The severity of residents' dementia (cognitive and functional deficits) as well as behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia were also framed as barriers to participation in and the provision of leisure. Participants identified enablers of leisure provision as related to perceptions of leisure, the experiential knowledge of staff, organisational support and resourcing. The study findings suggest that enhancing leisure provision for people living with dementia will require attention to system issues (i.e. staffing levels, ratios, PCA role demands) as well as PCA knowledge and capability to facilitate person-centred leisure.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Stoddart, SR and Courtney-Pratt, H and Andrews, S
Keywords: dementia, leisure, residential aged care, barriers, enablers, personal care attendants
Journal or Publication Title: Ageing & Society
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 0144-686X
DOI / ID Number:
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Copyright 2022 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University PressLicensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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