Open Access Repository

A dynamic nutrient mass balance model for optimizing waste treatment in RAS and associated IMTA system

Qiu, X, Carter, CG ORCID: 0000-0001-5210-1282, Hilder, PE and Hadley, S ORCID: 0000-0001-9925-6804 2022 , 'A dynamic nutrient mass balance model for optimizing waste treatment in RAS and associated IMTA system' , Aquaculture, vol. 555 , pp. 1-16 , doi:

Full text not available from this repository.


The combination of a Recirculation Aquaculture System (RAS) and Integrated Multi-trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) aims to optimize the utilization of nutrient input by recycling aquaculture wastes through use as food resources for co-cultured species. The coupling of RAS and IMTA also allows the development of new aquaculture products, potentially increasing economic return. A dynamic nutrient mass balance model was developed for a seawater-based RAS system with a hypothetical IMTA component. The model incorporated a three-dimensional trophic food web (Atlantic salmon, Ulva lactuca and an invertebrate grazing species) alongside traditional mechanical and biological (nitrification) filtration processes. The model simulated different waste treatment methods using biological and mechanical filtration only and further incorporating macroalgae filtration. Simulations showed that RAS in combination with macroalgae IMTA could reduce dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) by 66% and dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) by 31% compared with just RAS biological filtration. Using an optimal harvesting strategy, DIN and DIP waste removal rose to 94% and 45% respectively, and an increase in by-products biomass of 41%. The dynamic nutrient mass balance model provides a quantitative tool to better understand the fate of nutrients, and to optimize the design of the system. Although the commercial-scale development of this type of aquaculture system will depend on feasibility and profitability, the concept of combining RAS and IMTA provides important potential for sustainable aquaculture in the future.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Qiu, X and Carter, CG and Hilder, PE and Hadley, S
Keywords: IMTA, macroalgae, RAS, mass balance model, recirculating aquaculture system, integrated multitrophic aquaculture, Atlantic salmon
Journal or Publication Title: Aquaculture
Publisher: Elsevier Science Bv
ISSN: 0044-8486
DOI / ID Number:
Copyright Information:

Crown Copyright © 2022 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Related URLs:
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page