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Traffic related air pollution and development and persistence of asthma and low lung function

Bowatte, G, Lodge, GJ, Knibbs, LD, Erbas, B, Perret, JL, Jalaludin, B, Morgan, GG, Bui, DS, Giles, GG, Hamilton, GS, Wood-Baker, R, Thomas, P, Thompson, BR, Matheson, MC, Abramson, MJ, Walters, EH ORCID: 0000-0002-0993-4374 and Dharmage, SC 2018 , 'Traffic related air pollution and development and persistence of asthma and low lung function' , Environment International: A Journal of Environmental Science, Risk and Health, vol. 113 , pp. 170-176 , doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.01.028.

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Abstract

Background and aims: Traffic Related Air Pollution (TRAP) exposure is known to exacerbate existing respiratory diseases. We investigated longer term effects of TRAP exposure for individuals with or without existing asthma, and with or without lower lung function.Methods: Associations between TRAP exposure and asthma (n = 689) and lung function (n = 599) were investigated in the prospective Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study (TAHS). TRAP exposure at age 45 years was measured using two methods based on residential address: mean annual NO2 exposure; and distance to nearest major road. Adjusted multinomial logistic regression was used to model the association between exposure to TRAP at 45 years and changes in asthma and lung function, using three follow ups of TAHS (45, 50 and 53 years).Results: For those who never had asthma by 45, living 200 m from a major road (aOR = 5.21; 95% CI 1.54, 17.6).Conclusion: For middle aged adults, living

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Bowatte, G and Lodge, GJ and Knibbs, LD and Erbas, B and Perret, JL and Jalaludin, B and Morgan, GG and Bui, DS and Giles, GG and Hamilton, GS and Wood-Baker, R and Thomas, P and Thompson, BR and Matheson, MC and Abramson, MJ and Walters, EH and Dharmage, SC
Keywords: Air pollution, asthma, lung function, cohort studies
Journal or Publication Title: Environment International: A Journal of Environmental Science, Risk and Health
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 0160-4120
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.01.028
Copyright Information:

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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