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Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run

Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Siellez, K and Zweizig, J 2018 , 'Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run' , Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, vol. 97, no. 10 , pp. 1-20 , doi:

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Cosmic strings are topological defects which can be formed in grand unified theory scale phase transitions in the early universe. They are also predicted to form in the context of string theory. The main mechanism for a network of Nambu-Goto cosmic strings to lose energy is through the production of loops and the subsequent emission of gravitational waves, thus offering an experimental signature for the existence of cosmic strings. Here we report on the analysis conducted to specifically search for gravitational-wave bursts from cosmic string loops in the data of Advanced LIGO 2015-2016 observing run (O1). No evidence of such signals was found in the data, and as a result we set upper limits on the cosmic string parameters for three recent loop distribution models. In this paper, we initially derive constraints on the string tension Gμ and the intercommutation probability, using not only the burst analysis performed on the O1 data set but also results from the previously published LIGO stochastic O1 analysis, pulsar timing arrays, cosmic microwave background and big-bang nucleosynthesis experiments. We show that these data sets are complementary in that they probe gravitational waves produced by cosmic string loops during very different epochs. Finally, we show that the data sets exclude large parts of the parameter space of the three loop distribution models we consider.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Abbott, BP and Abbott, R and Siellez, K and Zweizig, J
Keywords: Cosmic strings, LIGO, gravitational waves
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 2470-0010
DOI / ID Number:
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© 2018 American Physical Society. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. Must link to published article.

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