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A re-evaluation of the Kumta Suture in western peninsular India and its extension into Madagascar

Armistead, SE ORCID: 0000-0002-9614-3553, Collins, AS, Payne, JL, Foden, JD, De Waele, B, Shaji, E and Santosh, M 2018 , 'A re-evaluation of the Kumta Suture in western peninsular India and its extension into Madagascar' , Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, vol. 157 , pp. 317-328 , doi:

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It has long been recognised that Madagascar was contiguous with India until the Late Cretaceous. However, the timing and nature of the amalgamation of these two regions remain highly contentious as is the location of Madagascar against India in Gondwana. Here we address these issues with new U-Pb and Lu-Hf zircon data from five metasedimentary samples from the Karwar Block of India and new Lu-Hf data from eight previously dated igneous rocks from central Madagascar and the Antongil-Masora domains of eastern Madagascar. New U-Pb data from Karwar-region detrital zircon grains yield two dominant age peaks at c. 3100 Ma and c. 2500 Ma. The c. 3100 Ma population has relatively juvenile εHf(t) values that trend toward an evolved signature at c. 2500 Ma. The c. 2500 Ma population shows a wide range of εHf(t) values reflecting mixing of an evolved source with a juvenile source at that time. These data, and the new Lu-Hf data from Madagascar, are compared with our new compilation of over 7000 U-Pb and 1000 Lu-Hf analyses from Madagascar and India. We have used multidimensional scaling to assess similarities in these data in a statistically robust way. We propose that the Karwar Block of western peninsular India is an extension of the western Dharwar Craton and not part of the Antananarivo Domain of Madagascar as has been suggested in some models. Based on εHf(t) signatures we also suggest that India (and the Antongil-Masora domains of Madagascar) were palaeogeographically isolated from central Madagascar (the Antananarivo Domain) during the Palaeoproterozoic. This supports a model where central Madagascar and India amalgamated during the Neoproterozoic along the Betsimisaraka Suture.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Armistead, SE and Collins, AS and Payne, JL and Foden, JD and De Waele, B and Shaji, E and Santosh, M
Keywords: geochronology, multi-dimensional scaling, detrital zircon, U-Pb, Lu-Hf, Gondwana
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN: 1367-9120
DOI / ID Number:
Copyright Information:

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

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