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Tropospheric corrections to SAR interferometry from GPS observations


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Janssen, V, Ge, L and Rizos, C 2004 , 'Tropospheric corrections to SAR interferometry from GPS observations' , GPS Solutions, vol. 8, no. 3 , pp. 140-151 , doi: 10.1007/s10291-004-0099-1.

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Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) techniques have been recognised as an ideal tool for many ground deformation monitoring applications. However, the spatially and temporally variable delay of the radar signal propagating through the atmosphere is a major limitation to accuracy. The dominant factor to be considered is the tropospheric heterogeneity, which can lead to misinterpretation of InSAR results. In this paper a between-site and between-epoch double-differencing algorithm for the generation of tropospheric corrections to InSAR results based on GPS observations is tested. In order to correct the radar results on a pixel-by-pixel basis, the GPS-derived corrections have to be interpolated. Using experimental data it has been found that the inverse distance weighted and kriging interpolation methods are more suitable than the spline interpolation method. Differential corrections as large as several centimetres may have to be applied in order to ensure sub-centimetre accuracy for the InSAR result. The algorithm and procedures described in this paper could easily be implemented in a continuous GPS network data centre. The interpolated image of between-site, single-differenced tropospheric delays can be derived as a routine product to assist radar interferometry.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Janssen, V and Ge, L and Rizos, C
Keywords: InSAR, GPS, troposphere, corrections
Journal or Publication Title: GPS Solutions
ISSN: 1080-5370 (Print) 1521-1886 (Online)
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s10291-004-0099-1
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