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Changes in bicarbonate-extractable phosphorus over time when P fertiliser was withheld or reapplied to pasture soils


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Burkitt, LL, Gourley, CJP and Sale, PWG 2002 , 'Changes in bicarbonate-extractable phosphorus over time when P fertiliser was withheld or reapplied to pasture soils' , Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 40 , pp. 1213-1229 , doi: 10.1071/SR02012.

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Field studies were established on 9 different soil types used for pasture production in the high rainfall zones of southern Victoria. Sites were selected to represent a range of phosphorus (P) buffering capacities (PBC) and were analysed for a series of chemical and physical properties before receiving P fertiliser treatments. A single application of P fertiliser in the form of triple superphosphate (TSP), single superphosphate (SSP), or TSP and lime (5 t/ha) was applied at amounts ranging from 0 to 280 kg P/ha at the start of the experiment, whilst treatments of 35 and 70 kg P/ha were reapplied at 6-monthly intervals. Soils were analysed for bicarbonate-extractable P concentration, using both the Olsen P and Colwell P methods, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 months after P fertiliser was applied. A strong positive linear relationship existed at all sites and time periods between the amounts of P applied as a single application and both the Olsen P and Colwell P concentrations. The slopes of these relationships measured the change in extractable P concentration per unit of P applied ([delta] EP) and the rate of decline in [delta] EP values represented the decline in the effectiveness of the P fertiliser with increasing time from application. The decline in these [delta] EP values varied with soil type. The [delta] EP values of some low to moderate P buffered soils remained 2-3 times higher compared with the most highly buffered soils, after 30 months. Despite this, the decline in [delta] EP values between 6 and 30 months was difficult to predict using a single soil property. Multiple linear regressions involving a measure of PBC and either organic carbon or exchangeable hydrogen were useful methods of predicting the decline in [delta] EP values across the 9 field sites examined in this study.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Burkitt, LL and Gourley, CJP and Sale, PWG
Keywords: sorption, buffering, Olsen phosphorus, Colwell phosphorus, effectiveness, residual, decline, maintenance, single superphosphate, triple superphosphate, lime
Journal or Publication Title: Australian Journal of Soil Research
DOI / ID Number: 10.1071/SR02012
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