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Microsatellite and cpDNA variation in island and mainland populations of a regionally rare eucalypt, Eucalyptus perriniana (Myrtaceae)

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Rathbone, DA and McKinnon, GE and Potts, BM and Steane, DA and Vaillancourt, RE (2007) Microsatellite and cpDNA variation in island and mainland populations of a regionally rare eucalypt, Eucalyptus perriniana (Myrtaceae). Australian Journal of Botany, 55. pp. 513-520. ISSN 0067-1924

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Abstract

Eucalyptus perriniana F.Muell. ex Rodway is distributed over a wide geographic range in south-eastern Australia as a series of small and isolated populations. In Tasmania, there are only three known populations that are separated by 511 km from the closest population on mainland Australia, which is one of the largest disjunctions observed for any eucalypt species. This project utilised eight nuclear microsatellites and one chloroplast DNA marker to study the genetic diversity in E. perriniana and determine the affinities between the populations. In all, 302 individuals in nine populations across thewhole range of the specieswere sampled. The overall nuclear microsatellite diversity in E. perriniana (Ht =0.85), as well as the diversity in each population (He =0.73), was comparable to that found in widespread eucalypt species that have much larger population sizes. The microsatellites revealed that the isolated Tasmanian populations were significantly differentiated from mainland populations (FST between regions=0.08), although the mainland Baw Baw population was the most differentiated. Most populations harboured different chloroplast DNA haplotypes, but in general, there were more mutational differences among haplotypes found in Tasmania than between Tasmanian and mainland populations. The Tasmanian populations often shared chloroplast DNA haplotypes with other eucalypts from south-eastern Tasmania. In conclusion, the populations of E. perriniana are genetically variable and significantly differentiated, with geographic separation being a poor predictor of the amount of genetic divergence. The most divergent populations are those in Tasmania and on Mt Baw Baw and their conservation is important to capture the genetic diversity in the species.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Australian Journal of Botany
Page Range: pp. 513-520
ISSN: 0067-1924
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1071/BT06203
Additional Information:

BM Potts.

Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2008 00:02
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:38
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