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Decay development in living sapwood of coniferous and deciduous trees inoculated with six wood decay fungi

Deflorio, G, Johnson, CR, Fink, S and Schwarze, FWMR 2008 , 'Decay development in living sapwood of coniferous and deciduous trees inoculated with six wood decay fungi' , Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 255 , pp. 2373-2383 , doi:

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Development of decay and/or discoloration was assessed in the functional sapwood of one coniferous and three deciduous trees after wounding
and artificial inoculation with six wood decay fungi. Living stems of mature Douglas fir, beech, oak, and sycamore trees were wounded in spring
2002 and immediately inoculated with brown, white, and soft rot fungi. Extent of discoloration and decay, wood weight loss, and total phenols in
the reaction zone (zone of active response at a dynamic interface between living sapwood and wood colonized by decay fungi) were assessed 16
and 28 months after inoculation.
In all hosts, extent of discoloration and decay was greater in the axial than in the radial and tangential directions. After both sampling times, less
sapwood had become dysfunctional, and there were greater total phenols in the reaction zone of Douglas fir and oak than in beech and sycamore.
Moreover, there was an increase rather than a reduction in dry weight in Douglas fir and oak wood samples. The white rot fungi Ganoderma
adspersum, Ganoderma applanatum, and Ganoderma resinaceum were weakly invasive, i.e. behaved as saprotrophs in Douglas fir and oak. By
contrast, in beech and sycamore the white rot fungus Trametes versicolor and the soft rot fungus Kretzschmaria deusta (ex Ustulina deusta) were
strongly invasive 28 months after inoculation. After this time, both fungal species had induced the highest axial, radial, and tangential extent of
dysfunctional wood in beech and sycamore, were capable of defeating the barrier zone (structurally homogeneous barrier comprising cells laid
down by the cambium after wounding as response to damage), colonized the sapwood formed after wounding, and can therefore be classified as
facultative parasites.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Deflorio, G and Johnson, CR and Fink, S and Schwarze, FWMR
Keywords: Xylem; Wood decay fungi; Inoculation; Decay severity; Hardwood; Softwood
Journal or Publication Title: Forest Ecology and Management
ISSN: 0378-1127
DOI / ID Number:
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