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Environmental management of marine aquaculture in Tasmania, Australia


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Crawford, CM 2003 , 'Environmental management of marine aquaculture in Tasmania, Australia' , Aquaculture, vol. 226, no. 1-4 , pp. 129-138 , doi: 10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00473-3.

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Marine farming is an important rural industry in coastal bays and estuaries of Tasmania. The two main species cultured are the introduced Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, and Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Legislation has been introduced to assist the development of aquaculture, and this includes requirements for environmental management, such as baseline assessments and routine monitoring of leases. Local impacts on the seabed around salmon farms are monitored using video footage, analysis of benthic invertebrate infauna, and chemical measures (redox and organic matter). Monitoring of shellfish farms is minimal because our research has shown that shellfish culture is having little impact on the environment.

Research related to management of aquaculture wastes is ongoing. Studies include investigating appropriate inexpensive measures for an industry-wide long-term monitoring program. Mitigation measures against excessive loadings of organic matter from fish farms, mainly by fallowing, i.e. rotating the position of fish pens around a lease, are currently being researched. Rates of recovery of a heavily impacted salmon lease area after the removal of fish have also been studied. A new project is investigating system-wide effects of salmon farming on the environment, in particular, increased release of nutrients into waterways. This includes monitoring dissolved oxygen, nutrients and phytoplankton, modelling the system, and investigating ecological indicators of eutrophication.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Crawford, CM
Keywords: Marine farming; Monitoring; Environmental management; Organic enrichment; Pacific oysters; Atlantic salmon
Journal or Publication Title: Aquaculture
ISSN: 0044-8486
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00473-3
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