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Susceptibility of Eucalyptus globulus to Mnesampela privata defoliation in relation to a specific foliar wax compound

Rapley, L, Allen, GR and Potts, BM 2004 , 'Susceptibility of Eucalyptus globulus to Mnesampela privata defoliation in relation to a specific foliar wax compound' , Chemoecology, vol. 14, no. 3-4 , pp. 157-163 , doi:

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Increased abundance of several aliphatic benzyland phenylethyl alkanoates were previously associated withreduced defoliation of Eucalyptus globulusLabill. by theautumn gum moth (Mnesampela privataGuenée) in twoclonally replicated F2families. We examine the robustnessof this association by comparing the abundance of theimplicated foliar wax compounds with defoliation levels inthree plantation sites and a genetics trial in northernTasmania. At all locations,the aliphatic alkanoate,benzyln-tetracosanoate (C24),was found in significantly higherabundance in the foliar wax of E. globulustrees that haddisplayed low M. privatadamage (designated resistant)compared to trees that had displayed high damage (designatedsusceptible). Further,when sites were combined,benzyln-tetracosanoate (C24) accounted for 16 % of variation infield defoliation. Field defoliation was also positively corre-lated to M. privataoviposition both in the field and onfoliage sprigs in a cage. In the cage bioassay,ovipositionaccounted for 20 % of variation in field defoliationmaking it a better predictor of tree defoliation in the fieldthan either field oviposition,which accounted for 9 % ofvariation,or screening foliage for the abundance of benzyln-tetracosanoate (C24). Despite both benzyl n-tetracosanoate(C24) and oviposition being related to field defoliation,therewas no statistically significant relationship between theabundance of benzyl n-tetracosanoate (C24) and ovipositionin the field or cage bioassay. Further work is thereforerequired to determine if increased levels of this compound inthe foliar wax operates as a direct deterrent to M. privataoviposition.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Rapley, L and Allen, GR and Potts, BM
Keywords: Lepidoptera – Geometridae – Mnesampelaprivata– Myrtaceae – Eucalyptus globulus– plant-insectinteractions – foliar wax chemistry – benzyl alkanoates –defoliation – oviposition
Journal or Publication Title: Chemoecology
ISSN: 0937-7409
DOI / ID Number:
Additional Information:

BM Potts.
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