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Independent expeditions and Antarctic tourism policy


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Murray, C and Jabour, J 2004 , 'Independent expeditions and Antarctic tourism policy' , Polar Record, vol. 40, no. 215 , pp. 309-317 , doi: 10.1017/S0032247404003791.

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Discussions about the management of non-governmental activities in Antarctica have been handicapped
by a lack of clarity in terminology. The term ‘tourism,’ for example, is used in a catch-all manner to describe activities
as widely divergent and incommensurable as overflights by commercial jetliners and solo ski traverses of the ice cap.
Recent debate about stricter regulation of independent expeditions has been similarly confused. This paper examines
these definitional hurdles and offers a broad categorization of activities inAntarctica. An overviewof recent independent
expeditions is then given and issues are discussed. It is suggested that, to date, the terms of the debate have been set
by the most powerful vested interests in Antarctica and that the discussion itself has been polarized. The paper does
not prescribe policy but indicates alternative points of view and argues that the strict regulatory approach increasingly
favoured by some national programs is out of all proportion to the size of potential problems and could diminish
traditions of cooperation, non-proprietorship, and the adventurous spirit, which have uniquely characterized human
endeavour in Antarctica.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Murray, C and Jabour, J
Journal or Publication Title: Polar Record
ISSN: 0032-2474
DOI / ID Number: 10.1017/S0032247404003791
Additional Information:

C Murray

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