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Biopolymer-coated fused silica capillaries for high magnitude cathodic or anodic electro-osmotic flows in capillary electrophoresis

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Yang, W, Macka, M and Haddad, PR 2003 , 'Biopolymer-coated fused silica capillaries for high magnitude cathodic or anodic electro-osmotic flows in capillary electrophoresis' , Chromatographia, vol. 57, No. Supple , S187-S193 , doi: 10.1007/BF02492101.

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Abstract

The manipulation of electroosmotic flow in capillary electrophoresis was achieved by coating the inner wall of a fused silica capillary with the biopolymers α-chymotrypsinogen A and dextran sulfate. Simple coating procedures were based on flushing the fused silica capillary with α-chymotrypsinogen A solution to obtain a α-chymotrypsinogen A coating, or to additionally coat with dextran sulfate solution to obtain a α-chymotrypsinogen A-dextran sulfate coating. The biopolymers α-chymotrypsinogen A coated capillary exhibited strong reversed (anodic) electrosmotic flow values as high as −81.7×10−9 m2V−1s−1 at pH 2.0. The α-chymotrypsinogen A-dextran sulfate coated capillary exhibited a cathodic EOF of 62.2×10−9m2V−1 s−1 which remained virtually unaltered over the pH range 2–9. Both coatings showed high stability, as demonstrated by electroosmotic flow reproducibility of 1.0% and 0.7% RSD (n=50), respectively. The α-chymotrypsinogen A coating was found to be tolerant to 0.1 M HCl, whilst the α-chymotrypsinogen A-dextran sulfate coating was tolerant to 1 M NaOH, CH3OH and CH3CN. The coating-to-coating repeatability for the two coatings, as determined by the RSD of the resultant electroosmotic flow values, were 2.25% and 1.85% (n=4), respectively. Four anions and five cations were used as test substances to examine the separation performance of the α-chymotrypsinogen A and α-chymotrypsinogen A-dextran sulfate coatings and high efficiencies (80,000 to 200,000 theoretical plates) and rapid separations were obtained. The separation of isomers of chloroaniline was carried out using the α-chymotrypsinogen A-dextran sulfate coating and a pH 2.5 electrolyte in about one third of the time needed when using a FS capillary. A α-chymotrypsinogen A coated capillary was used for ultra-rapid separation of nitrate and nitrite at acidic pH using a co-electroosmotic flow mode. The separation was completed in less than 10s with a migration time reproducibility of 0.3% RSD (n=10) and sub-μM detection limits.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Yang, W and Macka, M and Haddad, PR
Keywords: Capillary electrophoresis - Electroosmotic flow - Coating - Biopolymers
Journal or Publication Title: Chromatographia
ISSN: 0009-5893 (Print) 1612-1112 (Online)
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/BF02492101
Additional Information:

The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com

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