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Vacancy ion-exclusion chromatography of haloacetic acids on a weakly acidic cation-exchange resin

Helaleh, MIH, Tanaka, K, Mori, Masanobu, Xu, Q, Taoda, H, Ding, MY, Hu, W, Hasebe, K and Haddad, PR 2003 , 'Vacancy ion-exclusion chromatography of haloacetic acids on a weakly acidic cation-exchange resin' , Journal of Chromatography A, vol. 997, no. 1-2 , pp. 133-138 , doi:

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A new and simple approach is described for the determination of the haloacetic acids (such as mono-, di- and trichloroacetic acids) usually found in drinking water as chlorination by-products after disinfection processes and acetic acid. The new approach, termed vacancy ion-exclusion chromatography, is based on an ion-exclusion mechanism but using the sample solution as the mobile phase, pure water as the injected sample, and a weakly acidic cation-exchange resin column (TSKgel OApak-A) as the stationary phase. The addition of sulfuric acid to the mobile phase results in highly sensitive conductivity detection with sharp and well-shaped peaks, leading to excellent and efficient separations. The elution order was sulfuric acid, dichloroacetic acid, monochloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, and acetic acid. The separation of these acids depends on their pKa values. Acids with lower pKa values were eluted earlier than those with higher pKa, except for trichloroacetic acid due to a hydrophobic adsorption effect occurring as a side-effect of vacancy ion-exclusion chromatography. The detection limits of these acids in the present study with conductivity detection were 3.4 μM for monochloroacetic acid, 0.86 μM for dichloroacetic acid and 0.15 μM for trichloroacetic acid.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Helaleh, MIH and Tanaka, K and Mori, Masanobu and Xu, Q and Taoda, H and Ding, MY and Hu, W and Hasebe, K and Haddad, PR
Keywords: Organochlorine compounds; Acetic acids; Organic acids; Vacancy ion-exclusion chromatography
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Chromatography A
ISSN: 0021-9673
DOI / ID Number:
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