Open Access Repository

Capillary electrophoresis with end-capillary potentiometric detection using a copper electrode


Downloads per month over past year

Macka, M, Gerhardt, G, Andersson, P, Bogan, DP, Cassidy, RM and Haddad, PR 1999 , 'Capillary electrophoresis with end-capillary potentiometric detection using a copper electrode' , Electrophoresis, vol. 20, no. 12 , pp. 2539-2546 , doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1522-2683(19990801)20:12<2539::AID-ELPS2539>3.0.CO;2-0.

[img] PDF
n213.pdf | Request a copy
Full text restricted
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.


Potentiometric end-capillary detection in capillary electrophoresis has the advantage of relatively easy miniaturisation without having to compromise the concentration sensitivity. Potentiometric end-capillary detection using a copper electrode is also attractive because of the sensitive detection of many inorganic and organic UV-transparent ions and the ability to work in both direct and indirect mode. In this work, detection of a number of common anions in a tartrate electrolyte at pH 3 was studied. The influence of the end-capillary detection geometry on the detection performance was investigated. An end-capillary detection cell allowing the separation capillary to be changed without the need to realign the detection electrode was constructed and fitted into a commercial CE apparatus. Under the optimal configuration, which was a 25 m diameter copper electrode aligned coaxially with a 25 m capillary and positioned at a distance of about 25 m from the capillary end, excellent peak shapes were achieved and comparison with simultaneous on-capillary photometric detection showed no additional peak broadening. Good sensitivity was obtained, resulting in concentration limits of detection (LODs) in the low M range and mass LODs in the low amol range. Examples of separations of inorganic and organic anions are presented and the analytical potential of the detection method is assessed.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Macka, M and Gerhardt, G and Andersson, P and Bogan, DP and Cassidy, RM and Haddad, PR
Keywords: Capillary electrophoresis • Potentiometric detection • End-capillary detection
Journal or Publication Title: Electrophoresis
ISSN: 0173-0835
DOI / ID Number: 10.1002/(SICI)1522-2683(19990801)20:12<2539::AID-ELPS2539>3.0.CO;2-0
Additional Information:

The definitive published version is available online at:

Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page