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Genetic parameters for growth, wood density and pulp yield in Eucalyptus globulus


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Costa e Silva, J, Borralho, NMG, Araújo, JA, Vaillancourt, RE and Potts, BM 2009 , 'Genetic parameters for growth, wood density and pulp yield in Eucalyptus globulus' , Tree Genetics & Genomes, vol. 5, No. 2 , pp. 291-305 , doi: 10.1007/s11295-008-0174-9.

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Genetic variation and co-variation among the key
pulpwood selection traits for Eucalyptus globulus were
estimated for a range of sites in Portugal, with the aim of
improving genetic parameters used to predict breeding
values and correlated response to selection. The trials
comprised clonally replicated full-sib families (eight trials)
and unrelated clones (17 trials), and exhibited varying
levels of pedigree connectivity. The traits studied were stem
diameter at breast height, Pilodyn penetration (an indirect
measure of wood basic density) and near infrared reflectance
predicted pulp yield. Univariate and multivariate
linear mixed models were fitted within and across sites, and
estimates of additive genetic, total genetic, environmental
and phenotypic variances and covariances were obtained.
All traits studied exhibited significant levels of additive
genetic variation. The average estimated within-site narrowsense
heritability was 0.19±0.03 for diameter and 0.29±
0.03 for Pilodyn penetration, and the pooled estimate for
predicted pulp yield was 0.42±0.14. When they could be
tested, dominance and epistatic effects were generally not
statistically significant, although broad-sense heritability
estimates were slightly higher than narrow-sense heritability
estimates. Averaged across trials, positive additive
(0.64±0.08), total genetic (0.58±0.04), environmental
(0.38±0.03) and phenotypic (0.43±0.02) correlation estimates
were consistently obtained between diameter and
Pilodyn penetration. This data argues for at least some form
of pleiotropic relationship between these two traits and that
selection for fast growth will adversely affect wood density
in this population. Estimates of the across-site genetic
correlations for diameter and Pilodyn penetration were
high, indicating that the genotype by environment interaction
is low across the range of sites tested. This result
supports the use of single aggregated selection criteria for
growth and wood density across planting environments in
Portugal, as opposed to having to select for performance in
different environments.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Costa e Silva, J and Borralho, NMG and Araújo, JA and Vaillancourt, RE and Potts, BM
Keywords: Eucalyptus globulus . Additive genetic variance . Dominance . Epistasis . Heritability . Genetic correlation . Linear mixed models
Journal or Publication Title: Tree Genetics & Genomes
ISSN: 1614-2942
DOI / ID Number: 10.1007/s11295-008-0174-9
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