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Tracking changes in relative body composition of southern elephant seals using swim speed data

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Thums, M, Bradshaw, CJA and Hindell, MA 2008 , 'Tracking changes in relative body composition of southern elephant seals using swim speed data' , Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 370 , pp. 249-261 , doi: 10.3354/meps07613.

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Abstract

Changes in buoyancy during an animal’s time at sea are a powerful tool for inferring
spatial and temporal foraging success. Buoyancy can be difficult to measure, but in some species of
seal, drift components of dives can be used. We used swim speed data from adult female southern
elephant seals Mirounga leonina using geo-locating velocity-time-depth recorders during 2004 postlactation
(PL; n = 7) and 2002, 2004 and 2005 post-moult (PM; n = 18) foraging trips to detect periods
of passive drifting during diving. In addition to the characteristic drift dives of elephant seals, drifting
also occurred during putative foraging dives. We used generalised linear models (GLMs) to examine
the relationship between body lipid content measured on land and several diving variables collected
within a week of these measurements being taken. The strongest support (deviance explained =
90%) was for the model including drift rate (77%), seal length (12%) and descent rate (2%). Estimates
of body lipid, based on the GLM, were predicted for each day of the foraging trips. Areas
where seals increased their relative lipid content from one day to the next corresponded well with
areas in which the seals spent the greatest amount of time. Inferring foraging success from positive
changes in drift rate has so far been limited to elephant seals which perform characteristic drift dives,
but the addition of swim speed data to detect short periods of stationary behaviour allows for this
method to be expanded to a greater range of ocean predators.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Thums, M and Bradshaw, CJA and Hindell, MA
Keywords: Foraging success · Buoyancy · Lipid content · Mirounga leonina · Southern Ocean · Swim speed · Antarctica
Journal or Publication Title: Marine Ecology Progress Series
ISSN: 0171-8630
DOI / ID Number: 10.3354/meps07613
Additional Information:

Copyright © 2008 InterResearch

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