Open Access Repository

Improving the profitability of beef from pastures: A case study of Tasmania's Circular Head Beef Business Group


Downloads per month over past year

Malau-Aduli, AEO and Bruce, ID and Doonan, B and Lane, PA (2009) Improving the profitability of beef from pastures: A case study of Tasmania's Circular Head Beef Business Group. Journal of Animal Science, 87 (E-Supp). p. 395. ISSN 1525-3163

Malau-Aduli_et_...pdf | Download (210kB)
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.


This case study on improving grazing management skills was conducted over a 12-month period in 2007 utilizing 1200 beef cattle on two properties of 60 hectares each, subdivided into 24 paddocks. The objectives were to evaluate pasture utilisation, liveweight gains and profitability using a multi-faceted economic model. Leaf emergence
rate, average pasture cover, pasture growth rate, pre-grazing pasture mass, post-grazing residual and cattle liveweight gain data were collected monthly. Data were analysed using mixed (PROC MIXED) and general linear (PROG GLM) models in SAS to test for the fixed effects of property, date of sampling, cattle type and their second order interactions, while age of cattle and paddocks were fitted as random effects. Relationships between livestock and pasture variables were tested in correlation analyses using PROC CORR and significance established using Bonferroni probabilities. Results demonstrated that significant improvement in grazing management led to an increase in total pasture utilisation per hectare of over 40%, significantly greater than the set
target of 7000kgDM/Ha on both properties. Pasture utilised directly for liveweight gain was positively correlated with total pasture utilised (r = 0.8686, p<0.0001). Energy partitioning for animal maintenance was found to be negatively correlated with total pasture utilised (r = -0.5927, p<0.05), and pasture utilised for liveweight gain (r = -0.8112, p<0.0001) and related to the nutritive value and species composition of the pastures.
Average daily liveweight gain was found to be positively correlated with total pasture utilisation (r = 0.7302, p<0.0001) and pasture utilised for liveweight gain (r = 0.9181, p<0.0001) and negatively correlated with energy partitioned for animal maintenance (r = -0.9263, p<0.0001). It was concluded that increased pasture utilisation per hectare allowed for stocking rate increases across each property resulting in significant
increases of approximately 73% in beef produced per hectare, thus increasing profitability by an overwhelming average of 250% across both properties.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: beef, pasture grazing, profitability
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Animal Science
Page Range: p. 395
ISSN: 1525-3163
Identification Number - DOI:
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2009 01:08
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:00
Related URLs:
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page