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Warfare in biodiversity hotspots


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Brooks, TM, Hanson, T, Fonseca, GA, Hoffmann, M, Lamoreux, JF, Machlis, G, Mittermeier, CG, Mittermeier, RA and Pilgrim, JD 2009 , 'Warfare in biodiversity hotspots' , Conservation Biology, vol. 23, no. 3 , pp. 578-587 , doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01166.x.

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Conservation efforts are only as sustainable as the social and political context within which they
take place. The weakening or collapse of sociopolitical frameworks during wartime can lead to habitat
destruction and the erosion of conservation policies, but in some cases, may also confer ecological benefits
through altered settlement patterns and reduced resource exploitation. Over 90% of the major armed conflicts
between 1950 and 2000 occurred within countries containing biodiversity hotspots, and more than 80% took
place directly within hotspot areas. Less than one-third of the 34 recognized hotspots escaped significant conflict
during this period, and most suffered repeated episodes of violence. This pattern was remarkably consistent
over these 5 decades. Evidence from the war-torn Eastern Afromontane hotspot suggests that biodiversity
conservation is improved when international nongovernmental organizations support local protected area
staff and remain engaged throughout the conflict.With biodiversity hotspots concentrated in politically volatile
regions, the conservation community must maintain continuous involvement during periods of war, and
biodiversity conservation should be incorporated into military, reconstruction, and humanitarian programs
in the world’s conflict zones.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Brooks, TM and Hanson, T and Fonseca, GA and Hoffmann, M and Lamoreux, JF and Machlis, G and Mittermeier, CG and Mittermeier, RA and Pilgrim, JD
Keywords: biodiversity conservation, biodiversity hotspots, conflict, protected areas, war, warfare ecology Guerra en Sitios de Importancia para la Biodiversidad
Journal or Publication Title: Conservation Biology
ISSN: 0888-8892
DOI / ID Number: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01166.x
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