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Texture-based classification of sub-Antarctic vegetation communities on Heard Island.

Murray, H, Lucieer, A and Williams, R 2010 , 'Texture-based classification of sub-Antarctic vegetation communities on Heard Island.' , International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, vol. 12, no. 3 , pp. 138-149 , doi:

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This study was the first to use high-resolution IKONOS imagery to classify vegetation communities on
sub-Antarctic Heard Island. We focused on the use of texture measures, in addition to standard
multispectral information, to improve the classification of sub-Antarctic vegetation communities. Heard
Island’s pristine and rapidly changing environment makes it a relevant and exciting location to study the
regional effects of climate change. This study uses IKONOS imagery to provide automated, up-to-date,
and non-invasive means to map vegetation as an important indicator for environmental change. Three
classification techniques were compared:multispectral classification, texture based classification, and a
combination of both. Texture features were calculated using the Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix
(GLCM). We investigated the effect of the texture window size on classification accuracy. The combined
approach produced a higher accuracy than using multispectral bands alone. It was also found that the
selection of GLCM texture features is critical. The highest accuracy (85%) was produced using all original
spectral bands and three uncorrelated texture features. Incorporating texture improved classification
accuracy by 6%.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Murray, H and Lucieer, A and Williams, R
Keywords: Vegetation mapping Multispectral classification Grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) Texture-based classification Sub-Antarctic Heard Island IKONOS imagery
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
ISSN: 1569-8432
DOI / ID Number:
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