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Good governance for terrestrial protected areas:A framework principles and performance outcomes.


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Lockwood, M 2010 , 'Good governance for terrestrial protected areas:A framework principles and performance outcomes.' , Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 91, no. 3 , pp. 754-766 , doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.10.005.

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Governing norms by which to steer traditional government functions are well established and
understood; however, this is not the case for the new multi-level and collaborative approaches that
characterize protected area governance. This is largely new territory that makes novel demands on
governance institutions and policy. In this context, establishing and maintaining good governance across
the diversity of ownership and responsibility arrangements is critical for the future effectiveness and
acceptability of protected areas. Fulfilling the promise and avoiding the pitfalls inherent in contemporary
protected area governance will require an understanding of what is meant by ’good governance’ and
development of associated mechanisms to assess performance and provide a basis for improvement. This
paper’s contribution lies in the guidance it provides for the hitherto under-developed area of governance
quality assessment. I first present a framework that positions governance quality in relation to
governance and management effectiveness. I then characterize good protected area governance
according to a set of seven principles – legitimacy, transparency, accountability, inclusiveness, fairness,
connectivity and resilience. Together, the framework, governance principles and related performance
outcomes provide a platform for assessment of governance quality for an individual terrestrial protected
area, a network of several protected areas, or a national protected area system.

Item Type: Article
Authors/Creators:Lockwood, M
Keywords: Protected areas Governance Principles Performance evaluation
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Management
ISSN: 1095-8630
DOI / ID Number: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.10.005
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