Open Access Repository

Items where Author is "Bowman, DMJS"

Up a level
Export as [feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0
Group by: Item Type | No Grouping
Number of items: 107.

Allen, KJ, Brookhouse, M, French, BJ, Nichols, SC, Dahl, B, Norrie, D, Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320, Palmer, JG and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2019 , 'Two climate-sensitive tree-ring chronologies from Arnhem Land, monsoonal Australia' , Austral Ecology, vol. 44, no. 4 , pp. 581-596 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12699.

Banfai, DS and Bowman, DMJS 2006 , 'Forty years of lowland monsoon rainforest expansion in Kakadu National Park, Northern Australia' , Biological Conservation, vol. 131, no. 4 , pp. 553-565 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.03.002.

Banfai, DS, Brook, BW and Bowman, DMJS 2007 , 'Multiscale modelling of the drivers of rainforest boundary dynamics in Kakadu National Park, northern Australia' , Diversity and Distributions, vol. 13, no. 6 , pp. 680-691 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00371.x.

Borchers Arriagada, N ORCID: 0000-0001-8973-5692, Palmer, AJ ORCID: 0000-0002-9703-7891, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550 and Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678 2020 , 'Health impacts of ambient biomass smoke in Tasmania, Australia' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 17, no. 9 , pp. 1-19 , doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093264.

Borchers, N ORCID: 0000-0001-8973-5692, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Palmer, AJ ORCID: 0000-0002-9703-7891 and Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678 2020 , 'Climate Change, Wildfires, Heatwaves and Health Impacts in Australia', in R Akhtar (ed.), Extreme Weather Events and Human Health , Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 99-116.

Bowman, DMJS 2007 , 'Using landscape ecology to make sense of Australia's last frontier', in J Wu and RJ Hobbs (eds.), Key Topics in Landscape Ecology , Cambridge University Press, UK, pp. 214-224.

Bowman, DMJS 2007 , 'Why national parks need science' , National Parks Journal, vol. 51, no. 1 , 1-Feb .

Bowman, DMJS 2007 , 'Fire ecology' , Progress in Physical Geography, vol. 31, no. 5 , pp. 523-532 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0309133307083298.

Bowman, DMJS, Dingle, JK, Johnston, FH, Parry, D and Foley, M 2007 , 'Seasonal patterns in biomass smoke pollution and the mid 20th-century transition from Aboriginal to European fire management in northern Australia' , Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol. 16 , pp. 246-256 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-822x.2006.00271.x.

Bowman, DMJS and Prior, LD 2005 , 'Turner Review No. 10 Why do evergreen trees dominate the Australian seasonal tropics?' , Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 53, no. 5 , pp. 379-399 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1071/BT05022.

Bowman, DMJS, Walsh, A and Prior, LD 2004 , 'Landscape analysis of Aboriginal fire management in Central Arnhem Land, north Australia' , Journal of Biogeography, vol. 31, no. 2 , pp. 207-223 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0305-0270.2003.00997.x.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2000 , 'The environmental control of Australian rainforest', DSc thesis, University of Tasmania.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Daniels, LD, Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Jolly, WM, Magzamen, S, Rappold, AG, Brauer, M and Henderson, SB 2018 , 'Can air quality management drive sustainable fuels management at the temperate wildland–urban interface?' , Fire, vol. 1, no. 2 , p. 27 , doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/fire1020027.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Kolden, CA, Abatzoglou, JT, Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678, van der Werf, GR and Flannigan, M 2020 , 'Vegetation fires in the Anthropocene' , Nature Reviews Earth & Environment , pp. 1-16 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-020-0085-3.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Moreira-Munoz, A, Kolden, CA, Chavez, RO, Munoz, AA, Salinas, F, Gonzales-Reyes, A, Rocco, R, de la Barrera, F, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Borchers, N, Cifuentes, LA, Abatzoglou, JT and Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678 2018 , 'Human–environmental drivers and impacts of the globally extreme 2017 Chilean fires' , Ambio , pp. 1-13 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-018-1084-1.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Rodriguez-Cubillo, D and Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320 2021 , 'The 2016 Tasmanian Wilderness Fires: Fire Regime Shifts and Climate Change in a Gondwanan Biogeographic Refugium', in JG Canadell and RB Jackson (eds.), Ecosystem Collapse and Climate Change , Springer Nature, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 133-153.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Abatzoglou, JT, Kolden, CA, Cochrane, MA and Smith, AMS 2017 , 'Human exposure and sensitivity to globally extreme wildfire events' , Nature Ecology & Evolution, vol. 1 , pp. 1-6 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-016-0058.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678, Bowman, CJW, Murphy, BP, Roos, CI, Trauernicht, C, Rostron, J and Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320 2022 , 'Population collapse of a Gondwanan conifer follows the loss of Indigenous fire regimes in a northern Australian savanna' , Scientific Reports, vol. 12 , pp. 1-17 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-12946-3.

Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Price, OF, Ndalila, MN and Bradstock, RA 2020 , 'Australian forests, megafires and the risk of dwindling carbon stocks' , Plant Cell and Environment, vol. 44, no. 2 , pp. 347-355 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.13916.

Bradshaw, CJA, Field, IC, Bowman, DMJS, Haynes, C and Brook, BW 2007 , 'Current and future threats from non-indigenous animal species in northern Australia: a spotlight on World Heritage Area Kakadu National Park' , Wildlife Research, vol. 34, no. 6 , pp. 419-436 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1071/WR06056.

Brook, BW and Bowman, DMJS 2002 , 'Explaining the Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions: Models, chronologies, and assumptions' , PNAS - National Academy of Sciences of the United States. Proceedings, vol. 99, no. 23 , pp. 14624-14627 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.232126899.

Crisp, MD, Cook, LG, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Cosgrove, M, Isagi, Y and Sakaguchi, S 2019 , 'Turnover of southern cypresses in the post-Gondwanan world: extinction, transoceanic dispersal, adaptation and rediversification' , New Phytologist, vol. 221, no. 4 , pp. 2308-2319 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15561.

Fletcher, M-S, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Whitlock, C, Mariani, M, Beck, KK, Stahle, LN, Hopf, F, Benson, A, Hall, T, Heijnis, H and Zawadzki, A 2021 , 'The influence of climatic change, fire and species invasion on a Tasmanian temperate rainforest system over the past 18,000 years' , Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 260 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106824.

Fletcher, M-S, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Whitlock, C, Mariani, M and Stahle, L 2018 , 'The changing role of fire in conifer-dominated temperate rainforest through the last 14,000 years' , Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 182 , pp. 37-47 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.12.023.

Fletcher, MS, Benson, A, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Gadd, PS, Heijnis, H, Mariani, M, Saunders, KM, Wolfe, BB and Zawadzki, A 2018 , 'Centennial-scale trends in the Southern Annular Mode revealed by hemisphere-wide fire and hydroclimatic trends over the past 2400 years' , Geology, vol. 46, no. 4 , pp. 363-366 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/G39661.1.

Hanigan, IC, Morgan, GG, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Salimi, F, Henderson, SB, Turner, MR, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 and Johnston, F ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678 2018 , 'Extensible database of validated biomass smoke events for health research' , Fire, vol. 1, no. 3 , pp. 1-8 , doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/fire1030050.

Harris, RMB ORCID: 0000-0002-6426-2179, Beaumont, LJ, Vance, TR ORCID: 0000-0001-6970-8646, Tozer, CR, Remenyi, TA ORCID: 0000-0002-4145-9323, Perkins-Kirkpatrick, SE, Mitchell, PJ, Nicotra, AB, McGregor, S, Andrew, NR, Letnic, M, Kearney, MR, Wernberg, T, Hutley, LB, Chambers, LE, Fletcher, M-S, Keatley, MR, Woodward, CA, Williamson, G ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Duke, NC and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2018 , 'Biological responses to the press and pulse of climate trends and extreme events' , Nature Climate Change, vol. 8 , pp. 579-587 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0187-9.

Harrison, PA ORCID: 0000-0002-3502-0242, Davidson, NJ, Bailey, TG ORCID: 0000-0002-6905-9807, Jones, Menna ORCID: 0000-0001-7558-9022, Gilfedder, L, Bridle, K, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Baker, TP ORCID: 0000-0002-3344-5300, Richardson, BJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3249-5648, Wallis, L ORCID: 0000-0001-6611-8376 and Potts, BM ORCID: 0000-0001-6244-289X 2021 , 'A decade of restoring a temperate woodland: Lessons learned and future directions' , Ecological Management & Restoration, vol. 22, no. S2 , pp. 164-174 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/emr.12537.

Hyde, JC, Yedinak, KM, Talhelm, AF, Smith, AMS, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678, Lahm, P, Fitch, M and Tinkham, WT 2017 , 'Air quality policy and fire management responses addressing smoke from wildland fires in the United States and Australia' , International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 26, no. 5 , pp. 347-363 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1071/WF16154.

Johnson, CN ORCID: 0000-0002-9719-3771, Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320, Archibald, S, Poulos, HM, Barton, AM, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550 and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2018 , 'Can trophic rewilding reduce the impact of fire in a more flammable world?' , Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, vol. 373, no. 1761 , pp. 1-9 , doi: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9. figshare.c.4228007.

Johnston, FH, Kavanagh, AM, Bowman, DMJS and Scott, RK 2002 , 'Exposure to bushfire smoke and asthma: an ecological study' , Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 176, no. 11 , pp. 535-538 , doi: https://doi.org/10.5694/j.1326-5377.2002.tb04551.x.

Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678, Borchers-Arriagada, N ORCID: 0000-0001-8973-5692, Morgan, GG, Jalaludin, B, Palmer, AJ ORCID: 0000-0002-9703-7891, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550 and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X 2020 , 'Unprecedented health costs of smoke-related PM2.5 from the 2019–20 Australian megafires' , Nature Sustainability, no. Septem , pp. 1-12 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-00610-5.

Kattge, J, Bonisch, G, Diaz, S, Lavorel, S, Prentice, IC, Leadley, P, Tautenhahn, S, Werner, GDA, Aakala, T, Abedi, M, Acosta, ATR, Adamidis, GC, Adamson, K, Aiba, M, Albert, CH, Alcantara, JM, Alcazar C, C, Aleixo, I, Ali, H, Amiaud, B, Ammer, C, Amoroso, MM, Anand, M, Anderson, C, Anten, N, Antos, J, Apgaua, DMG, Ashman, TL, Asmara, DH, Asner, GP, Aspinwall, M, Atkin, O, Aubin, I, Baastrup-Spohr, L, Bahalkeh, K, Bahn, M, Baker, T, Baker, WJ, Bakker, JP, Baldocchi, D, Baltzer, J, Banerjee, A, Baranger, A, Barlow, J, Barneche, DR, Baruch, Z, Bastianelli, D, Battles, J, Bauerle, W, Bauters, M, Bazzato, E, Beckmann, M, Beeckman, H, Beierkuhnlein, C, Bekker, R, Belfry, G, Belluau, M, Beloiu, M, Benavides, R, Benomar, L, Berdugo-Lattke, ML, Berenguer, E, Bergamin, R, Bergmann, J, Bergmann Carlucci, M, Berner, L, Bernhardt-Romermann, M, Bigler, C, Bjorkman, AD, Blackman, C, Blanco, C, Blonder, B, Blumenthal, D, Bocanegra-Gonzalez, KT, Boeckx, P, Bohlman, S, Bohning-Gaese, K, Boisvert-Marsh, L, Bond, W, Bond-Lamberty, B, Boom, A, Boonman, CCF, Bordin, K, Boughton, EH, Boukili, V, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685, Bravo, S, Brendel, MR, Broadley, MR, Brown, KA, Bruelheide, H, Brumnich, F, Bruun, HH, Bruy, D, Buchanan, SW, Bucher, SF, Buchmann, N, Buitenwerf, R, Bunker, DE, Burger, J and Jordan, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-6033-2766 2020 , 'TRY plant trait database - enhanced coverage and open access' , Global Change Biology, vol. 26, no. 1 , pp. 119-188 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14904.

Kirkpatrick, JB ORCID: 0000-0003-2763-2692 and Bowman, DMJS 1982 , 'Clearfelling versus selective logging in uneven-aged eucalypt forests' , Search, vol. 13, no. 5-6 , pp. 136-141 .

Kirkpatrick, JB ORCID: 0000-0003-2763-2692, Fensham, RJ, Nunez, M and Bowman, DMJS 1988 , 'Vegetation-radiation relationships in the wet-dry tropics: granite hills in northern Australia' , Vegetatio, vol. 76, no. 3 , pp. 103-112 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00045472.

Macphail, MK, Sharples, C, Bowman, DMJS, Wood, SW and Haberle, S 2014 , 'Coastal erosion reveals a potentially unique Oligocene and possible periglacial sequence at present-day sea level in Port Davey, remote South-West Tasmania' , Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, vol. 148 , pp. 43-59 , doi: https://doi.org/10.26749/rstpp.148.43.

Mariani, M, Holz, A, Veblen, TT, Williamson, G ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Fletcher, M-S and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2018 , 'Climate change amplifications of climate-fire teleconnections in the Southern Hemisphere' , Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 45, no. 10 , pp. 5071-5081 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078294.

McWethy, DB, Haberle, SG, Hopf, F and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2017 , 'Aboriginal impacts on fire and vegetation on a Tasmanian island' , Journal of Biogeography, vol. 44, no. 6 , pp. 1319-1330 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12935.

Murphy, BP and Bowman, DMJS 2007 , 'Seasonal water availability predicts the relative abundance of C3 and C4 grasses in Australia' , Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol. 16, no. 2 , pp. 160-169 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00285.x.

Murphy, BP, Bowman, DMJS and Gagan, MK 2007 , 'Sources of carbon isotope variation in kangaroo bone collagen and tooth enamel' , Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 71, no. 15 , pp. 3847-3858 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2007.05.012.

Murphy, BP, Bowman, DMJS and Gagan, MK 2007 , 'The interactive effect of temperature and humidity on the oxygen isotope composition of kangaroos' , Functional Ecology, vol. 21, no. 4 , pp. 757-766 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2007.01284.x.

Ndalila, MN ORCID: 0000-0002-3692-9829, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Fox-Hughes, P, Sharples, J and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2020 , 'Evolution of a pyrocumulonimbus event associated with an extreme wildfire in Tasmania, Australia' , Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol. 20 , pp. 1497-1511 , doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-1497-2020.

Nicholson, A, Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320, Perry, GLW and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2017 , 'High post-fire mortality of resprouting woody plants in Tasmanian Mediterranean-type vegetation' , International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 26, no. 6 , pp. 532-537 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1071/WF16211.

Nolan, RH, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Clarke, H, Haynes, K, Ooi, MKJ, Price, OF, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Whittaker, J, Bedward, M, Boer, MM, Cavanagh, VI, Collins, L, Gibson, RK, Griebel, A, Jenkins, ME, Keith, DA, Mcilwee, AP, Penman, TD, Samson, SA, Tozer, MG and Bradstock, RA 2021 , 'What do the Australian black summer fires signify for the global fire crisis?' , Fire, vol. 4, no. 97 , doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/fire4040097.

Ozeki, M, Isagi, Y, Tsubota, H, Jacklyn, P and Bowman, DMJS 2007 , 'Phylogeography of an Australian termite, Amitermes laurensis (Isoptera, Termitidae), with special reference to the variety of mound shapes' , Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 42 , pp. 236-247 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.06.024.

Porfirio, LL, Antille, DL, Watson, I, Abbott, BN, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Briggs, PR, Canadell, JG, Churchill, AC, Donohue, RJ, Guerschman, JP, Haverd, V, Hill, MJ, Knauer, J, Murphy, BP, Paget, M, Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320, Roxburgh, SH and Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550 2020 , 'Productivity and biomass of Australia's rangelands: towards a national database' , Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 128 , pp. 75-98 .

Poulos, HM, Barton, AM, Slingsby, JA and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2018 , 'Do mixed fire regimes shape plant flammability and post-fire recovery strategies?' , Fire, vol. 1, no. 3 , pp. 1-14 , doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/fire1030039.

Price, OF, Purdam, PJ, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550 and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2018 , 'Comparing the height and area of wild and prescribed fire particle plumes in south-east Australia using weather radar' , International Journal of Wildland Fire, vol. 27, no. 8 , pp. 525-537 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1071/WF17166.

Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320, French, BJ, Storey, K, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550 and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2020 , 'Soil moisture thresholds for combustion of organic soils in western Tasmania' , International Journal of Wildland Fire , pp. 1-11 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1071/WF19196.

Prior, LD ORCID: 0000-0002-5511-2320, Hua, Q and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2017 , 'Demographic vulnerability of an extreme xerophyte in arid Australia' , Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 66, no. 1 , pp. 26-38 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1071/BT17150.

Reid, AM, Murphy, BP, Vigilante, T and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X 2020 , 'Distribution and abundance of large herbivores in a northern Australian tropical savanna: A multi-scale approach' , Austral Ecology, vol. 45, no. 5 , pp. 529-547 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12860.

Stevenson, J, Haberle, SG, Johnston, FH and Bowman, DMJS 2007 , 'Seasonal distribution of pollen in the atmosphere of Darwin, tropical Australia: preliminary results' , Grana, vol. 46 , pp. 34-42 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00173130601178250.

Workman, A, Jones, PJ ORCID: 0000-0002-4880-6711, Wheeler, AJ ORCID: 0000-0001-9288-8163, Campbell, SL ORCID: 0000-0002-9788-5372, Williamson, GJ ORCID: 0000-0002-3469-7550, Lucani, C, Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0001-8075-124X, Cooling, N ORCID: 0000-0003-3211-1656 and Johnston, FH ORCID: 0000-0002-5150-8678 2021 , 'Environmental hazards and behavior change: User perspectives on the usability and effectiveness of the AirRater Smartphone App' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 18, no. 7 , pp. 1-19 , doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073591.

Worth, JRP, Sakaguchi, S, Harrison, PA ORCID: 0000-0002-3502-0242, Bruniche-Olsen, A, Janes, JK, Crisp, MD and Bowman, DMJS ORCID: 0000-0003-2215-7685 2018 , 'Pleistocene divergence of two disjunct conifers in the eastern Australian temperate zone' , Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 125, no. 3 , pp. 459-474 , doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/bly127.

This list was generated on Tue Nov 29 02:15:24 2022 AEDT.
TOP